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BGQ-巴西吉他四重奏Brazilian Guitar Quartet
作者:amoy  文章来源:BGQ/古典吉他村  添加时间:2008-10-11  点击次数:2885

BGQ-巴西吉他四重奏Brazilian Guitar Quartet
 
Brazilian Guitar Quartet (巴西吉他四重奏)
保罗·格布瑞什 (Paul Galbraith)
埃迪尔顿·格罗伊顿 (Edelton Gloeden)
埃弗顿·格罗伊顿 (Everton Gloeden)
塔代乌·多·阿玛拉尔 (Tadeu do Amaral)
 

 
      格莱美大奖提名获得者保罗·格布瑞什、埃迪尔顿和埃弗顿·格罗伊顿兄弟、以及塔代乌·多·阿玛拉尔,四位在巴西居住的极为优秀的吉他演奏家组成了被称为“梦幻团队”的巴西吉他四重奏。2000年4月,他们进行了在美国的首次巡演,演出地点包括纽约、华盛顿(期间还成为国家广播电台“今日演奏”节目的主角)、达拉斯、洛杉矶、凤凰城、波特兰、圣何塞、西棕榈滩、里士满等等。从东海岸到西海岸,他们的演出票成为了炙手可热的紧俏商品,听众如痴如醉,媒体热评如潮。巴西吉他四重奏很快成为世界上最受欢迎的吉他演奏团体之一。随着他们2000、2001和2002三年在北美巡演的巨大成功,他们的演奏和约也纷至踏来,其中包括加州理工大学的科尔曼室内乐系列、亚特兰大的斯匹威大厅、巴尔蒂摩约翰-霍普金斯大学的雪弗大厅、肖陶扩湖音乐节、佛罗里达国际音乐节、卡梅尔巴赫音乐节、华盛顿的敦巴顿音乐会等等。除了频频出现在美国的各大城市之外,演出和约还包括了比利时、葡萄牙、危地马拉和波多黎各的国际音乐节等等。在2004年的巴尔蒂摩世界吉他大会的开幕式上,巴西吉他四重奏将担当重要角色。他们将和巴尔蒂摩管弦乐团合作首演委托巴西作曲家罗纳尔多·米兰达创作的吉他协奏曲。巴西吉他四重奏的唱片“巴西精华”(Delos,DE3245)被著名的《高保真音响》选入了1999年最佳录音列表,这张唱片不仅在美国和巴西颇有影响,在法国、英国、日本也备受欢迎。他们的第二张唱片“巴赫的四部管弦乐组曲”(Delos,DE3254)又出现在了2000年最佳录音列表之中。而他们的最新唱片“Encantamento”(Delos,DE3302)则首次改编和演奏了在过去150年间巴西最重要的七位作曲家的作品。
 
      保罗·格布瑞什简介,Galbraith (保罗·格布瑞什)。国籍:英国。格布瑞什最初在英国崭露头角是在17岁的时候参加了塞戈维亚国际吉他大赛并获得银奖,塞戈维亚当时出现在比赛现场,并用“极为出色”来评价格布瑞什的演奏。随后,他就获得了英国BBC的“年度音乐家”称号,成为这一称号的最年轻获得者。这两项荣誉使他的国际演奏生涯顺利展开,很多英国以及欧洲最好的乐团都与其接洽希望合作演出,其中包括皇家交响乐团、欧洲室内乐团、BBC交响乐团、苏格兰交响乐团、英国室内乐团、BBC苏格兰管弦乐团、苏格兰巴洛克管弦乐团、阿尔斯特管弦乐团、哈雷管弦乐团以及苏格兰室内乐团等等。此后,他与莫斯科室内乐团合作在美国巡回演出;在布拉格的德沃夏克大厅与智利国家室内乐团合作演出;在加拿大、西班牙、意大利、希腊、挪威、匈牙利、巴西、中国、印度、冰岛……。当他在纽约的“Frick Collection”初次登台后,《纽约时报》超乎寻常的高度评价使得随后在林肯中心所举行的“伟大的演奏”系列音乐会票立即售罄。此后他在洛杉矶、费城、多弗、以及卡梅尔巴赫音乐节上引人注目的人物,而音乐会也开遍了美国各大城市,包括华盛顿、克里弗兰、西雅图、波特兰、迈阿密、巴尔蒂摩以及密尔沃基等等。2000~2001年间,他又成为了欧洲乐坛炙手可热的人物,足迹遍及英国、德国、意大利、荷兰等很多国家。作为巴西吉他四重奏的创始人,格布瑞什的很多演出是作为这个重奏组合中的一员进行的。此外,为了和圣彼得堡弦乐四重奏合作演奏,他委托著名的乔治亚作曲家纳达里亚什维利(Zurab Nadarejshvili)为他们创作吉他与弦乐五重奏作品,并在2001~2002年间进行了首演。2000年夏天,他作为特邀嘉宾,与我国的上海吉他四重奏合作演出。格布瑞什与众不同的演奏姿势最初是在1989年的爱丁堡艺术节上使用的。他的专用八弦吉他是与英国制作家大卫·卢比奥(David Rubio)合作设计的,在高音和低音方向各增加了一条弦,并有一根类似大提琴的金属尾针支撑,支在一个木质共振箱上。他的这把吉他被称作是“勃拉姆斯吉他”,最初,格布瑞什试图把勃拉姆斯的一首钢琴作品(主题与变奏,作品21a)改编到六弦吉他上,结果在音域以及左手的指法安排上都遇到了巨大的困难。在与意大利吉他演奏家格隆多纳(Stefano Grondona)进行了一番交流之后,格布瑞什开始研究乐器本身方面的改进,即通过增加弦的方法扩大吉他的音域。随后,卢比奥解决了乐器制作技术方面的问题,包括使用了独创的不平行品丝设计(右图为格布瑞什所使用的八弦吉他)。格布瑞什非凡的吉他设计和独特的演奏风格被认为是吉他发展史上的一次大地震,他不仅大大提高了吉他的表现力,还进入了前人未曾涉足的领域。从1983年开始,他的主要老师是希腊指挥家、钢琴家、哲学家乔治·哈德依尼科斯(George Hadjinikos)。保罗·格布瑞什自己改编和演奏的双CD唱片《巴赫无伴奏小提琴奏鸣曲和组曲全集》(Delos 3232)是为了纪念巴赫逝世250周年而推出的。这套唱片获得了1998年格莱美最佳独奏乐器专辑大奖的提名,而著名的留声机杂志则将其评选为1998年最优秀的两张唱片之一,并称之为“吉他唱片历史上的里程碑”。同时,它获得了立体声评论(Stereo Review)的四星评价,并进入10大古典音乐唱片行列。1999~2000年间,格布瑞什曾多次成为国家公共广播节目“包罗万象”和“今日演奏”的主角。
 
      埃迪尔顿·格罗伊顿。他是当今巴西最杰出的吉他演奏家之一。他很早便开始了职业演奏生涯,他的各种类型的音乐会开遍了欧洲、美国以及拉美地区。他已为很多巴西作曲家的大量作品担当首演演奏家,其中包括Francisco Mignone、Camargo Guarnieri、Claudio Santoro、Mario Ficarelli、Olivier Toni、Gilberto Mendes、Paulo Costa Lima以及Paulo Porto Alegre等等。他拥有音乐学的硕士学位,现在是圣保罗大学音乐系的教授,在巴西所举行的各种音乐节上,他是不可或缺的重量级人物。埃迪尔顿也非常热衷于通过广播节目推广吉他艺术,从1994年8月开始,圣保罗USP调频开始推出一档每周播出一次的“音乐会吉他”节目,而埃迪尔顿就是这个节目的主要负责人。同时,他所负责的节目还包括圣保罗Cultura调频(拉美最重要的古典音乐频道)广播的“吉他,声音之路”和“伟大的吉他协奏曲”两个节目。他最新的唱片包括和长笛演奏家安纳尼亚斯(Jose Ananias)在Paulus唱片公司所出版的“巴西庆典”以及在Egta唱片公司出版的独奏唱片“二十年代”。
 
      埃弗顿·格罗伊顿是在圣保罗土生土长的吉他演奏家,他的求学生涯相当丰富,分别在西班牙、德国、巴西师从卡雷巴洛(Abel Carlevaro)、桑托索拉(Guido Santorsola)、皮埃里(Alvaro Pierri)、罗德里戈(Jose Luis Rodrigo)等明师学习。另外,他还获得了英国剑桥大学的奖学金,师从吉尔文顿(Chris Kilvington)。格罗伊顿曾经赢得过两项重要的吉他比赛的第二名:巴西的帕莱斯特里纳国际吉他大赛以及德国的霍夫国际吉他大赛。在二十年的职业演奏生涯里,他作为独奏家和室内乐团体的成员在巴西内外举办了无数场音乐会,华盛顿的美洲音乐厅、德国的法兰克福歌剧院、委内瑞拉著名的加拉加斯音乐节里都曾为他喝采。他还是第一个在巴西完整演奏巴赫的鲁特琴组曲的吉他演奏家。格罗伊顿是圣保罗Cultura调频的“20世纪的六弦吉他”系列节目的撰稿人和播讲者。他的唱片包括在OEA公司和EGTA公司出版的多张专辑。
 
      塔代乌·多·阿玛拉尔生于圣保罗,师从多位巴西著名音乐家,象传奇的吉他教授萨维奥(Isaias Savio)、索阿雷斯(Leo Soares)以及桑托罗(Claudio Santoro)。除了经常在巴西举办音乐会之外,他还经常应各国音乐家之邀前往合作演出。自从1985年他举办了一系列关于英国作曲家作品的音乐会之后,他开始对吉他作品进行更宽泛也更专项的演出,象波兰作曲家泰兹曼(Alexandre Tansman)的吉他作品全集,巴赫的鲁特琴组曲全集等等。他的两张唱片“西班牙音乐”(Musica Espannola)以及庞塞作品专辑都在《经典CD》和《吉他演奏者》等杂志上获得了高度评价。近几年,阿玛拉尔正与巴西的EGTA唱片公司合作,致力于“伟大的吉他演奏家”和“巴西音乐史”两个重要录音项目之中。(译:咏鹏)(感谢塔代乌·多·阿玛拉尔授权提供文字及图片资料。)
 
唱片编号:DELOS  DE3254
唱片名称:巴赫:四部管弦乐组曲
吉他演奏:巴西吉他四重奏
 

 
   BGQ - The Quartet
   Praised by the Washington Post for their "seductive beauty" and "virtuosic gusto," the Brazilian Guitar Quartet has established itself as one of world's leading guitar ensembles. The group’s unique combination, of regular six-string and extended-range, eight-string guitars, allows for the exploration of an original and unusual repertoire. In their almost ten years of activity, the BGQ has performed more than 250 concerts in the Americas, Europe and Asia, often receiving ecstatic audience responses, garnering rave reviews, and meeting sold-out halls.
 
      Highlights of the BGQ's past seasons include performances at the 92 Street 'Y' and the Metropolitan Museum in New York, Spivey Hall in Atlanta, Vancouver Playhouse in Canada, Dumbarton Concerts in Washington, D.C., Chamber Music Albuquerque, Shriver Hall in Baltimore, Festival Internacional de Cultura Paiz in La Antigua, Guatemala, San Luis Obispo Mozart Festival, Round Top International Festival, Hong Kong International Arts Festival, Carmel Bach Festival, El Paso Chamber Music Festival, Musica Mundi Festival in Brussels, Belgium, Festival Internacional de Guitarra de Monterrey in Mexico, Aarhus International Guitar Festival in Denmark, Dundee Guitar Festival in Scotland and Festival Internacional de Guitarra de Santo Tirso in Portugal, besides numerous performances and recordings for National Public Radio in Washington, D.C. and Houston.In 2004, the Brazilian Guitar Quartet were "headliners" at the inaugural World Guitar Congress in Baltimore where they, together with the Baltimore Symphony, gave the world premiere of a specially-commissioned concerto by Brazil's 2001 "Composer of the Year," Ronaldo Miranda. In 2006, the Quartet gave the Brazilian premiere of this work with the Petrobras Symphonic Orchestra in Rio de Janeiro.
 
      The BGQ's discography includes four CDs on the Delos label. Two of them are devoted to Brazilian Music, Essência do Brasil (chosen by Audiophile Audition one of the "best recordings of 1999") and Encantamento (2001). The other recordings present, in their entirety, two great works of Western classical music, Bach's Four Orchestral Suites (2000) and Albéniz's Iberia (2006).
 
     BGQ - Individual Bios
 
    Everton Gloeden - born in São Paulo, where he studied with Roberto dalla Vechia, Sidney Zaghetto, Henrique Pinto, Alvaro Pierri, Abel Carlevaro, Guido Santorsola, Sergio Cominatto, Michel Philippot and Isabel Sampaio.
 
   Throughout a thirty-year career, he has appeared as soloist and chamber music colleague alongside some of the most important musicians in and out of Brazil. He has given recitals at the Hall of the Americas in Washington DC, gave the first performance in Brazil of the complete lute works of Bach, as well as recitals in England, Germany (including the Frankfurt Opera House) and a recent opening recital at the International Festival of Caracas, Venezuela, one of the most esteemed of its kind in the world.
   He scripted and presented the series "6 Strings-Panorama of the Guitar in the 20th Century" for Radio Cultura FM of São Paulo, one of the most important classical music radio stations in Latin America.
 
   His albums include a disc of Latin American guitar music for the American OEA label, a recording of Bach's complete lute music, and a recital CD including Ponce's Folias Variations, Antonio José's Sonata and Nuccio D'Angelo's "Due Canzone Lidie" for the Brazilian label EGTA.
 
 
   Born in São Paulo, TADEU DO AMARAL studied with important Brazilian musicians, such as the legendary guitar teacher Isaias Savio, Leo Soares and Claudio Santoro. He took part in many music seminars including one led by Alberto Ginastera.
 
   Beside a solo career including performances in major concerts halls in Brazil, always to enthusiastic critical acclaim, he has collaborated with many prominent musicians in that country, such as Flávio Stein, Eduardo Gramani, Angela Barra and Ricardo Lopes Garcia.
 
   Through a variety of activities in the State of Santa Catarina, where he lives at present, he has had a pioneering role in teaching and widening the appreciation of the guitar in a region where it was almost unknown. In recent years he has participated as a teacher in many music festivals in Brazil.
Since 1985, when he gave a series of recitals of works by English composers, Tadeu do Amaral has specialized in presenting comprehensive cycles, such as the complete guitar works by the Polish composer Alexandre Tansman and the complete lute works of Bach.
 
   He released the CDs "Musica Espanhola" and the collected works of Mexican composer Manuel Ponce, and both were highly praised in journals such as Classic CD and Guitar Player.
 
   In recent years, do Amaral has been closely involved in launching Brazil's EGTA label, and among his projects as producer and editor were the series "Great Guitarists" and "The History of Brazilian Music."
 
    Luiz Mantovani's performances have been described by The New York Times as "powerful, beautifully shaped and just practically flawless." A winner of the coveted Pro Musicis International Award, his awards also include the first prize at the Boston Modern Orchestra Concerto Competition (2001) and top prizes at the Schadt String Competition in Pennsylvania (1999) and at the Radio MEC - Ministry of Education and Culture - National Music Competition in Rio de Janeiro (1997).
 
    Mr. Mantovani's has appeared as a soloist and a chamber musician in his native Brazil, the U.S., Europe and Asia. He has performed in such halls as Weill Recital Hall (Carnegie Hall) in New York, Jordan Hall in Boston, Hong Kong City Hall, Salle Cortot in Paris and Sala Cecília Meireles in Rio de Janeiro. A member of the Brazilian Guitar Quartet since 2003, his long-term collaborations also include the Quadrivium Guitar Quartet in Boston and duos with flutist Michel de Paula (Lucerne International Music Ensemble) and violinist João Eduardo Titton in Brazil.Luiz Mantovani is the first and only guitarist to receive the prestigious Artist Diploma from the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, the conservatory's highest award for artistic excellence. A recipient of a Saint Botolph Foundation grant and a Rabb Presidential Scholarship from the New England Conservatory, he was also awarded an Apartes Scholarship from the Brazilian government. He holds a Master's degree with honors from NEC and a Bachelor's degree from the University of Rio de Janeiro. His guitar teachers were David Leisner, Nicolas Barros and Antônio Guedes.In addition to his performance career, Luiz Mantovani teaches at the State University of Santa Catarina, in Florianópolis, Brazil.
 
 
    Clemer Andreotti was born in São Paulo in 1959 and studied with South America's leading guitar teachers, including Henrique Pinto, Abel Carlevaro, Guido Santórsola, Alvaro Pierri, Eduardo Fernandez, and Miguel Angel Girollet. He won first prize at the International Guitar Competitions of Porto Alegre, Brazil, and Hof, Germany, and was awarded the Villa-Lobos Prize at the International Villa-Lobos Competition in Milan, Italy, among others.
 
   After moving to Europe in 1984, Andreotti studied with Dieter Kirsch in Germany and Oscar Ghiglia in Basel, Switzerland, and participated in masterclasses by Roberto Aussel, Leo Brouwer, Manuel Barrueco, Hubert Käppel, Robert Brightmore and Hopkinson Smith. He has performed at international festivals in Frankfurt (Alte Oper), Hamburg, Würzburg (Neue Musik), Halle (Sommer Festival), Aschaffenburg (Internationale Gitarrentage), Nürtingen (Guitarrenfestival), Essen, Karlsruhe, Nürnberg, Wuppertal, Münster, Mainz, and Bad Bruckenau (Guitarrentage), as well as in Italy, Switzerland, and major Latin American cities. He has recorded for major European radio and television networks.
 
   Clemer Andreotti is extremely active as a chamber musician, performing and recording with the Opus 12 Trio and in duos with baritone Martin Hummel, violinist Hans-Peter Hofmann, and flutist Marcos Fregnani. He has taken part in premieres of works by Sérgio Assad, Klaus Ospald, Berthold Hummel, and Klaus Heinrich Stahmer. Since 1988 Andreotti has been a lecturer in guitar, chamber music, and guitar pedagogy at the Hochschule für Musik in Würzburg, Bavaria, as well as a teacher at various other institutions.
 
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